Over the top urgent issue or OCD begins from youth onwards. OCD is a sentiment solid fixations and impulses which result in extreme uneasiness and influences every day working. Fixations are musings which are relentless and repetitive. They even incorporate undesirable pictures and motivations which prompt trouble and tension. These sentiments and musings are normally unreasonable or improbable. Impulses are monotonous ceremonies or conduct, for example, checking something again and again or mental acts, for example, numbering. These fixations and impulses cause extraordinary misery and nervousness and can meddle with the day by day exercises, connections, social exercises and scholastic working. The individual with OCD believes that he has no power over his activities. OCDs are a backsliding and perpetual disease.
The thoughts change as the adolescent grows. Younger children suffering from OCD often have thoughts of harm befalling on them and their family such as thief getting into the house through an unlocked door. This will make the children recheck the door and windows, again and again, fearing that they might have left the door unlocked accidentally. Teenagers suffering from OCD fear that they might get fall sick due to germs, contaminated food, and AIDS. The adolescent develops certain rituals, such as washing hands innumerable times, in order to get over the fear. These rituals help them to think that they have overcome the problem for the time being and give them temporary relief. If they do not perform these rituals, they become more and more anxious.
OCD is a sign of brain circuitry’s unusual functioning and it involves the striatum part of the brain. The brain activity patterns of such people differ from normal people and people with other mental disorders. Researchers have concluded that OCD is usually a family problem and is a disorder of the brain. Streptococcal bacterial infection can create or worsen the condition of OCD. Adolescents with no family history of OCD can also develop it. Most of the adolescents feel embarrassed to talk about their OCD. They think that people will label them as crazy and this will make them feel ashamed. This will make it difficult for the parents to talk to their children about their OCD, in order to solve them. Parents need to develop good communication skills for this purpose. Parent’s support is also very important to the adolescent. Cooperation is extremely important along with treatment because if the problem is not treated the adolescent will grow into a disturbed adult.
Most of the adolescents with OCD can receive effective treatment. The treatment can include psychotherapy and intake of medications such as fluoxetine, clomipramine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline and other serotonin reuptake inhibitors. When OCD is caused due to streptococcal infection, the adolescent can be administered with antibiotics to kill the bacterium which is causing it. Exposure and response prevention behavioral therapy are very useful in solving OCD. In this therapy, the adolescent is wontedly exposed to his/her fears which give him/her obsessive thought. After that, he/she is trained to avoid these thoughts and the rituals which he/she carries out to tackle the anxiety.
An adolescent having OCD can also have depression, substance abuse, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, eating disorders, and other types of anxiety disorders. When a person with OCD and other mental illness, is treated, OCD becomes more difficult to treat and even diagnose.